Psychiatric medicine is a branch of medicine focused on mental health, behavioral and emotional disorders diagnosis, treatment and, prevention. Psychiatrists are experts in mental health and substance use disorder. A psychiatrist is qualified to assess both physical and mental aspects of psychological problems. One may consult a psychiatrist for many reasons like frightening hallucinations, panic attacks, and thoughts of suicide. MedWorksMedia is an international digital and print publisher specializing in science education journals. Its objective is to bridge psychiatrists with clinical practitioners to meet the highest standards in electronic marketing and medical journalism.
Just like other physicians, a psychiatrist can perform a full range of psychological laboratory tests. As such, they can assess the physical and mental state of a patient. Psychiatric education equips therapists with the knowledge to understand how emotional disorders relate with other medical illnesses. They also use their knowledge to understand the relationship between genetics and family background to analyze psychological and medical data. Additionally, psychiatrists apply electroconvulsive therapy to the brain to treat severe depressions that have not responded to other medications. Apparently, psychiatrists are using vague nerve stimulation, deep brain stimulation, and transcranial magnetic stimulation to treat chronic mental disorders. On the other hand, light therapy is being used to treat seasonal depression.
Types of psychiatric treatments
Psychiatrists use a broad range of treatments such as psychosocial intervention, psychotherapy, and medications depending on specific client’s needs.
Psychotherapy is a type of treatment that involves oral interaction between a patient and a therapist. It is used for treating a broad variety of emotional and mental disorders. Its aim is to control or eliminate disabling symptoms to ensure patients are in good health. Treatment may take a few sessions over a week or many sessions over a period of years depending on the nature of mental health.
There are many forms of psychotherapy. Some help in exploring the effect of past experiences and relationships on present behaviors. They also help patients change their thought patterns. Others are tailored to help solve specific client’s problems. For example, cognitive behavior therapy focuses on problem-solving. Contrary, Psychoanalysis is a form of psychotherapy that requires frequent sessions.
Psychiatrists use medications in much the same way as they are used in treating diabetes or high blood pressure. They can prescribe medications to help control or eliminate mental disorder. Psychiatric medications help correct brain imbalances that are thought to be the cause mental disorders. Patients on long-term psychiatric medication are required to meet with their psychiatrists periodically to assess the effectiveness of the treatment method.
Types of medications
o Hypnotics- It is a kind of medication used to induce and reduce sleep disorders
o Antipsychotic medications- They are used for treating psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations and delusions
o Mood Stabilizers- It is a class of medication used to treat bipolar disorders
o Sedative and anxiolytics- It is a type of medication used to treat insomnia and anxiety
For one to become a psychiatrist, you must undertake four years of psychiatric residency. You must also take a written examination to acquire state license to practice medicine. The first year of psychiatric residency involves attending to patients with a broad range of illnesses. A psychiatrist is then required to spend at least three years learning mental health diagnoses and treatment.
After completing residency training, a psychiatrist can take a voluntary written or oral examination to become a certified psychiatrist. Some psychiatrists also undertake additional specialized training such as child and adolescent psychiatry, forensic psychiatry, and psychosomatic medicine after completing their four years residency training.